Testing of food packaging materials pdf

Bihani S. Packaging affects the quality stability and identification of drug product. Packaging provide an adequate degree of protection, minimize the loss of constituents and should not interact physically or chemically with the contents in a way that will alter their quality to an extent beyond the limits given in the individual monograph, or present a risk of toxicity. Pharmaceutical packaging is the means of providing protection, presentation, identification, information and convenience to encourage compliance with a course of therapy.

The containers may be made of glass, plastic, matel or paper. The material for closure may include Cork, Glass, Plastic, Metal or rubber. There are various tests for determination of quality, integrity and compatibility of packaging materials. The specification and requirement of quality testing depends on type of pharmaceutical materials used.

Containers are tested by many methods of which commonly used test for glass are Crushed glass test, Whole-Container test, Chemical resistance of test, Water Attack Test etc. Similarly test. Closure materials are tested by Transparency test Penetrability Fragmentation test Self seal ability test, Extractive test etc. Packaging may be defined as the art and science which involves preparing the articles for transport, storage display and use. Testing materia l: Tests applied to packaging materials may be: a.

Chemical - The pH value of materials chloride and sulphate in paper or board, alkalinity of glass, compatibility test with chemicals or medicaments are typical of the chemical tests. Mechanical- Standard tests are available for the effect of creasing, folding and so on.

Environmental -Materials may be tested by standard methods for absorption of water, permeability to water vapour, gases, oils, odours etc. Testing Packages a. Mechanical — Mechanical tests are applied mainly to outer packaging for protection from transportation hazards. They consist of the use of a standardized test procedure to compare the effect of different protective materials to prevent damage to the contents.

Environmental - Packages are subjected to conditions that reproduce the environment and some evaluation is made at suitable intervals.

Testing of Bio Nano Packaging Materials

Such procedures may be applied to testing closures for water vapour transmission. There are various tests to ensure that the resultant product will comply with its specification. Tests applied to the environment or to equipment, as well as to products in process, may also be regarded as a part of in-process control.

Spectrophotometry ii. Chromatographic Methods iii.

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Thermal analysis techniques iv. Gas transmission analysis v. Leak detection vi. Physical test methods vii. X-ray Fluorescence Analysis.

Testing of Packaging

They should be able to hold the product without loss on account of leakage, spoilage or permeation. They should afford protect against environmental conditions like light, air and moisture during storage.

They should not have any permeability for gases. They should possess sufficient strength to withstand shocks of handling, transportation etc. They should facilitate efficient safe and convenient use of contents. The material must not interact with the contents. The containers should afford protection from moulds, bacteria etc. The cost of material should be as low as possible without compromising the quality. They should facilitate easy identification.The packaging testing laboratory at the Fraunhofer IVV has a range of physical test methods at your disposal in the area of mechanics, optics, and permeation DAkkS accredited.

These tests are essential for material development and quality assurance, as well as in the event of faults or complaints. Our services in the field of material testing. Physical material testing of packaging materials, polymers and surfaces.

Grammage according to DIN ISO each layer Gravimetric determination of the grammage of the layers of corrugated boards, including separating the layers. Grammage according to DIN ISO EN each layer Gravimetric determination of the grammage of the layers of plastic laminates and coatings, also in combination with paper, board or foil; including separating the layers. Thickness according to DIN 53 Determination of the average thickness of plastic films by mechanical scanning.

Impact penetration test with electronic recording according to DIN ISO Determination of the damaging force, damaging deformation and damaging energy for plastic films and laminates at a vertical impact stress.

Friction measurements according to DIN EN ISO Assessment of the friction of packaging materials when in contact with a metal surface or itself using a horizontal sledge in combination with an electro-mechanical tensile testing machine.

testing of food packaging materials pdf

Tear test according to DIN 53 Determination of the tear resistance of plastic films using a trapezoidal specimen with a defined incision. Determination of optimal heat sealing conditions for packaging materials according to IVV test sheet Strength measurements on heat sealing seams - Quasistatic method.

Different sealing jaws are available Determination of bond strength Measurement of the force which is necessary to separate the layers of a laminate.

Surface tension of solids by contact angle measurements Using several liquids to measure the polar and disperse components of the surface energy Determination of the density of plastics acc. Light transmission according to DIN 10 Part 9 Determination of the light transmission UV to near infrared through packaging materials using a spectrophotometer Identification of plastics and films Identification of plastics via burning tests and solubility tests.

Grease permeability according to DIN 53 Determination of the dot count caused by the penetration of a defined testing grease. Flex-test Measurement of the pinhole count or the increase in gas permeability of laminates which have been stressed at different flex cycle numbers. Analytical equipment for testing packaging materials.Enabling you to identify and mitigate the intrinsic risk in your operations, supply chains and business processes. Learn More. Evaluating how your products and services meet and exceed quality, safety, sustainability and performance standards.

Validating the specifications, value and safety of your raw materials, products and assets. Formally confirming that your products and services meet all trusted external and internal standards.

Material analysis capabilities cover a broad range of techniques and instrumentation. Intertek scientists and packaging experts work with clients to identify and isolate trace contamination, odours, coatings and more in package materials and final products. Intertek labs test all components used in packaging and packaging materials, including paper, foams, films, polymers of all kinds, glues, paints, coatings, and metals.

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testing of food packaging materials pdf

Industries Services. Assurance Enabling you to identify and mitigate the intrinsic risk in your operations, supply chains and business processes. Testing Evaluating how your products and services meet and exceed quality, safety, sustainability and performance standards. Inspection Validating the specifications, value and safety of your raw materials, products and assets. Certification Formally confirming that your products and services meet all trusted external and internal standards.

Assurance Testing Inspection Certification. Through our network of over 46, people in 1, laboratories and offices in countries, Intertek provides quality and safety solutions to a wide range of industries around the world. Find out more. Global Reach Intertek is the industry leader with over 46, people in 1, locations in over countries. Whether your business is local or global, we can ensure your products meet quality, health, environmental, safety, and social accountability standards for virtually any market around the world.

Chemical Testing and Analysis of Packaging Materials Chemical analyses of substances in packaging and packaging materials. Send us a request Need help or have a question? Need help or have a question? News: Learn more about our state-of-the-art packaging performance lab in Grand Rapids in this profile from Business Trends magazine Intertek expands film and flexible packaging material characterization.Enabling you to identify and mitigate the intrinsic risk in your operations, supply chains and business processes.

Learn More. Evaluating how your products and services meet and exceed quality, safety, sustainability and performance standards. Validating the specifications, value and safety of your raw materials, products and assets.

Formally confirming that your products and services meet all trusted external and internal standards. Intertek has broad expertise, testing and analyses services on food packaging and food packaging materials. From testing the food safety and quality of the food packaging material till support in development and failure analyses.

The food packaging experts of Intertek follow-up on changes in national and international food package regulations. Intertek Global Website. Toggle navigation Intertek. Industries Services. Assurance Enabling you to identify and mitigate the intrinsic risk in your operations, supply chains and business processes. Testing Evaluating how your products and services meet and exceed quality, safety, sustainability and performance standards.

Inspection Validating the specifications, value and safety of your raw materials, products and assets. Certification Formally confirming that your products and services meet all trusted external and internal standards. Assurance Testing Inspection Certification. Through our network of over 46, people in 1, laboratories and offices in countries, Intertek provides quality and safety solutions to a wide range of industries around the world.

Find out more. Global Reach Intertek is the industry leader with over 46, people in 1, locations in over countries. Whether your business is local or global, we can ensure your products meet quality, health, environmental, safety, and social accountability standards for virtually any market around the world. Food Packaging Testing and Analysis Intertek has broad expertise, testing and analyses services on food packaging and food packaging materials. Send us a request Need help or have a question?

Need help or have a question? News: Learn more about our state-of-the-art packaging performance lab in Grand Rapids in this profile from Business Trends magazine Intertek expands film and flexible packaging material characterization. X Title.How ZwickRoell is responding to the spread of the Coronavirus.

Testing of petro chemistry with ZwickRoell. For example, intelligent systems show the conditions of packaged food and the environment; gas indicators detect when the gas concentration has exceeded limits in the interior packaging. For example, active systems help extend the shelf life, for example, sprayed plastics that absorb ethylene or a filter against light and radiation generated from the near UV spectrum. Due to the growing desire for convenience, packaging should be easy to handle, easy to open, resealable or should be able to be heated directly in a microwave so food does not have to be transfered.

Packaging that is easy to open is important in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical fields. Additionally, packaging for medical devices must be tightly sealed and withstand sterilization. Packaging comes in different forms and materials thus requiring specially adapted, flexible fixtures. The following are just some examples of test fixtures for the many testing solutions ZwickRoell offers. Function testing on the entire packaging.

Packaging is as varied as the methods for opening them. Individual values are determined because testing standards are rare. Peel test on lid or sealing material. The ability to peel off dimensionally stable or rigid packaging depends on material combinations, machine parameters, and on sealed seam and tear-off geometries. Performing a test of the peel forces with a special peel test kit can help to optimize these elements.

The most important value is the cracking force, but the regularity of the sealing is also significant. Furthermore the kit enables flexible adjustment to fit to different packaging shapes and heights. Compression tests on plastic beakers, buckets, boxes, containers, barrels and similar dimensionally stable packaging.

Determination of stacking characteristics: There are different methods, depending on the standard and material being used. One or more packages are loaded until failure, from which the maximum stacking height can be determined. This test can also be performed on plastic cups with completely filled trays. Or a certain load may be applied for a preset length of time or until failure.

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Determining the inherent stiffness: This test provides information for the packaging manufacturing process. The package is loaded with a defined force on closing lid attachment and must withstand this process without becoming damaged.

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Fatigue tests: A hysteresis test is performed on a pail to see with what frequency a certain load can be applied before it breaks. In practice this happens when palettes are loaded and unloaded. Not every loading and unloading cycle is shown.

testing of food packaging materials pdf

Only the 1st, th, th, and 1,th cycles are displayed for monitoring.We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services.

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For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies. We value your privacy. Download citation. Request full-text. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authorsclicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

Learn more. DOI: Heera Jayan. Anandharamakrishnan Chinnaswamy. An extensive knowledge about the packaging material is crucial in designing of packaging material for particular products. Properties of packaging materials such as mechanical strength, gas permeability, and sealing ability determine the suitability of packaging material for intended purpose. Thus, it is necessary to determine the properties of packaging material to select the suitable material for any product.

Testing of packaging materials generally involves determination of physical properties.

testing of food packaging materials pdf

But it is also important to study the chemical stability of a packaging material, particularly when it would be used for food-based applications, so as to ensure the safety of the product. There are several standard testing protocols for packaging materials, and this chapter provides detailed information about testing methods that are in use to evaluate various properties of packaging materials.

Further, some methods are specific to the type of packaging material, and these are also covered in this chapter. Citations 1.

References Food Packaging and Shelf Life 22 all the films are glossier than the upper sides, because of evaporation of water from the upper surface while casting the films, leaving uneven upper surfaces. Sep Nowadays, pollution caused by the excessive use of non-biodegradable plastic food packaging material is a serious environmental concern.

Thus the objective of the present study was to evaluate bacterial cellulose and guar gum BC-GG based polyvinyl pyrrolidone — carboxymethyl cellulose PVP-CMC hydrogel film as an alternative food packaging material. Films made with a different combination of GG and BC are evaluated based on their mechanical, structural, bioadhesive, colour, gloss, rheological, surface hydrophobicity, permeability, water-solubility, biodegradability and shelf life-enhancing properties of berries e.

Fundamentals of packaging technology. Standard test methods for the assignment of the glass transition temperature by modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry. Logistical packaging for food marketing systems.

Jan D Twede B Harte. Twede D, Harte B Logistical packaging for food marketing systems. International organization for standardization. Dec ISO International organization for standardization.We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services.

Do you want to read the rest of this chapter? We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of our services, and to tailor advertising. For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy.

By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies. We value your privacy. Download citation. Request full-text. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authorsclicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

Testing of Packaging

Learn more. DOI: Annika Ebert. Roland Franz. Diana Kemmer. Show more authors. Citations 2. References 4. It also indicates how to evaluate not listed substances NLS. If the substances are not included in this list, their migration should not be higher than 0. Moreover, for NLS, a procedure of toxicity determination can be provided by the threshold of toxicological concern TTCincluding classification of analytes to Cramer classes.

Full-text available. Nowadays, food packaging is a crucial tool for preserving food quality and has become an inseparable part of our daily life. Strong consumer demand and market trends enforce more advanced and creative forms of food packaging.

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New packaging development requires safety evaluations that always implicate the application of complex analytical methods. The present work reviews the development and application of new analytical methods for detection of possible food contaminants from the packaging origin on the quality and safety of fresh food. Among food contaminants migrants, set-off migrants from printing inks, polymer degradation products, and aromatic volatile compounds can be found that may compromise the safety and organoleptic properties of food.

The list of possible chemical migrants is very wide and includes antioxidants, antimicrobials, intentionally added substances IASnon-intentionally added substances NIASmonomers, oligomers, and nanoparticles. All this information collected prior to the analysis will influence the type of analyzing samples and molecules analytes and therefore the selection of a convenient analytical method.

Different analytical strategies will be discussed, including techniques for direct polymer analysis. Compliance with these limits is verified through a testing scheme described in the Regulation, and plastic food packaging materials are also subject to review and authorization by the EFSA prior to be placed on the market Ebert et al.